Pollens are the sperm cells located on the stigma of the pistil of plants. The bees collect pollens from flowers and utilize it for feeding larvae and worker bees that produce royal jelly. As a major source of protein and vitamin, pollen plays an important role in the nutrition of bees and it contains fats, carbohydrates, fibers, minerals, amino acids, phenolic compounds and vitamins.

The rich content of pollen is composed of vitamins (niacin (B3), pyridoxine (B6), thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), pantothenic acid (B5), folic acid, biotin (H), tocopherol (E), ascorbic acid (C), beta carotene), minerals (potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), phosphor (P)), phenolic compounds, aminoacids, fatty acids and organic acids in addition to protein, carbohydrates, fat and fiber content.

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